What is the judgment called which will be passed on each one of us immediately after death? The judgment which will be passed on each one of us immediately after death is called the particular judgment.
For it is easy before God in the day of death to reward everyone according to his ways. (Ecclesiasticus 11:28)
If everyone is judged immediately after death, why will there be a general judgment? Although everyone is judged immediately after death, it is fitting that there be a general judgment in order that the justice, wisdom, and mercy of God may be glorified in the presence of all.
Then shall the just stand with great constancy against those that have afflicted them and taken away their labors. These seeing it, shall be troubled with terrible fear, and shall be amazed at the suddenness of their unexpected salvation. (Wisdom 5:1-2)