The God of second chances
ANGOLA, La. – Ricky Krummel said being incarcerated places a glaring “X” on one’s back that not only dehumanizes an inmate in the eyes of those who live outside prison walls, but also subjects him to endless taunts on the inside.
Krummel has found support, acceptance and positivity among a group of his fellow Catholic inmates who dedicate themselves each day to spreading Christ’s message of love, mercy and redemption in a very difficult place: the Louisiana State Penitentiary at Angola.
“You’ve inspired me; you’ve walked with me; you’re my family; you’re my brothers,” said Krummel, publicly thanking six Angola inmates who received their certificates in pastoral studies April 29 through an extension program offered by the Loyola Institute for Ministry (LIM).
“We Catholics make an impact,” Krummel added. “It takes a lot to humble yourself before God and man and do what y’all have done. I love y’all and I’m proud of y’all. We can’t change what we did, but we can change how we go forward.”
The six graduates, who completed 36 hours of graduate-level classes, were honored at a special Mass and commencement ceremony at Angola’s inmate-built Our Lady of Guadalupe Chapel. They are John Balfa, Milburn Bates, William Kirkpatrick, Felton Ledet, Herman Tureaud and Lester Williams.
“It was a lot of reading, a lot of study, but we all grew, and our concept of community grew,” said Balfa, an inmate for 32 years, explaining that he and his fellow graduates are peer ministers within Angola and also conduct retreats for people from the outside, including visiting groups of high schoolers and their parents preparing for confirmation.
Paying it forward
“Our focus is when we grow, we help other people grow,” Balfa said. “Our ministry is a ministry of presence. We’re in prison, so we all have a commonality. We all come from the same place. Ministry is helping people find hope in a hopeless situation.”
Inmate William Kirkpatrick said the LIM curriculum of extensive readings, personal and small-group reflections, paper writing and prayer enabled him to transcend the physical confines of Angola and discover his membership in and own responsibility for the Body of Christ. He now focuses on what he calls “marketplace” ministry – taking the good news of Christ’s redemption to skeptics inside Angola.
“The statement right before the end of the Mass is, ‘Let’s go.’ That means you’ve got to take everything out that door – it’s on us to go out that door for God and to help every individual experience dignity and respect and God’s love,” said Kirkpatrick who became Catholic in 1995 after receiving regular visits from two women religious.
“They lived their faith out in every aspect that I could see, and that made me pay attention,” Kirkpatrick said. “I came to Angola 34 years ago with an eighth-grade education, and I’ve accomplished, through the grace of God, a lot of things.”
Similar pastoral challenges
Angola, which sprawls over 18,000 acres, is the largest maximum security prison in the United States. It currently houses 6,298 inmates, about 4,200 of whom are serving life sentences. There are 78 offenders on death row (two female offenders are on death row at the Louisiana Correctional Institute for Women in St. Gabriel).
LIM’s weekly, three-hour classes in pastoral studies, offered at Angola since 2010, were facilitated by Rick Beben, a 45-year veteran of Catholic religious education. Beben said the conversations among his students at Angola – all of whom are pastoral leaders – are very similar to those he hears in a typical church parish: How can we get more people involved in ministry? Why do we always have the same people volunteering? Are we being so possessive of our ministerial turf that we are forgetting to invite others to join us?
“They’re involved in planning and executing the liturgies of the parish, and some of them are involved in hospice. They visit guys who are in the different camps,” Beben said, noting that watching his students’ dedication to their studies and outreach ministries has made the familiar words of the Easter season – death and resurrection – take on added meaning in his own faith life.
“God’s never finished with us, and no matter what we do, God will redeem us; God will find a way not to wipe out evil but to replace that, to build on that and bring new life out of that,” Beben told the newly minted graduates, reminding them that when the resurrected Jesus appeared to his disciples, his body still bore the wounds and scars of earthly suffering.
“You guys, I think, have had a similar experience,” Beben said. “Your history is still there but it has been changed – there is new life there, and your witness shines forth to those in this prison” and touches people on the outside.
In-house liturgical ministers
The day concluded with Mass in the Our Lady of Guadalupe Chapel, an entirely inmate-built and furnished space that hosts one of four Thursday Masses (featuring the Sunday liturgy) celebrated at the penitentiary by a visiting priest.
Two weekly Communion services – one operated by inmates who are commissioned by the Diocese of Baton Rouge as eucharistic ministers, the other by Angola’s Catholic lay chaplain, Deacon Gerald “Jay” Jackson – also are available to the Angola inmates.
Significantly, every role in the April 29 Mass, other than the priest’s, was filled by the imprisoned: the organist, altar servers, choir members, readers and eucharistic ministers. The liturgy was filmed by LSP-TV21, Angola’s in-house television station, and photographed by a staff member from the inmate-produced magazine, “The Angolite.”
“You are part of a cloud of witnesses of Loyola students and graduates around the world,” said LIM’s director, Dr. Tom Ryan, who donned his own graduation smock from the University of Notre Dame for the commencement. Ryan announced that the graduates would be receiving a few more things on their special day: the book “Discovering Your Dream: How Ignatian Spirituality Can Guide Your Life,” by late Jesuit Father Jerry Fagin; and LIM’s Kairos Award, honoring students and teachers who demonstrate the institute’s core values of academic excellence and ministerial collaboration.
Reminder to model Christ
Each of the six graduates also received a “ministry towel” depicting Christ washing the feet of one of his apostles. The towels, inked in Loyola maroon, are inscribed with Christ’s command: “Do what I have done.”
Graduate Felton Ledet, one of the Mass’ altar servers and extraordinary ministers of holy Communion, said the towel was one of the most wonderful gifts he had ever received.
“It means as much as my birth certificate,” Ledet said, “because it’s a sign of my new birth.”
LIM students are able to earn degrees and certificates in pastoral studies and religious education at Loyola’s campus, at extension sites such as Angola, and online. The institute’s online students hail from a dozen countries.